The Discovery of Tutankhamun’s Tomb in 1922 In Colour
ツタンカーメン ( トゥトアンクアムン、Tutankhamun、Tutenkh-、-amen、-amonとも。紀元前 14世紀、紀元前 1342年頃 - 紀元前 1324年頃 ) は、古代エジプト第 18王朝のファラオ ( 在位：紀元前 1333年頃 - 紀元前 1324年頃 )。より厳密な表記ではトゥト・アンク・アメン ( Tut-ankh-amen )。
Unbroken seal of King Tutankhamun's tomb 1922.
On 4 November 1922, Carter’s excavation group found steps that Carter hoped led to Tutankhamun’s tomb and he wired Lord Carnarvon to come to Egypt. Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (ruled c. 1332–1323 BC in the conventional chronology), during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom or sometimes the New Empire Period.
His original name, Tutankhaten, means “Living Image of Aten”, while Tutankhamun means “Living Image of Amun”.
The 1922 discovery by Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon of Tutankhamun’s nearly intact tomb received worldwide press coverage.
Exhibits of artifacts from his tomb have toured the world.
Tutankhamun was slight of build, and was roughly 180 cm (5 ft 11 in) tall.
According to National Geographic, “The malaria would have weakened Tutankhamun’s immune system and interfered with the healing of his foot. These factors, combined with the fracture in his left thighbone, which scientists had discovered in 2005, may have ultimately been what killed the young king.
With the death of Tutankhamun and the two stillborn children buried with him, the Thutmoside family line came to an end.
Tutankhamun was nine years old when he became Pharaoh and reigned for approximately ten years.
His tomb in the Valley of the Kings was discovered by Carter almost completely intact—the most complete ancient Egyptian royal tomb ever found.
Tutankhamun was buried in a tomb that was unusually small considering his status. His death may have occurred unexpectedly, before the completion of a grander royal tomb, so that his mummy was buried in a tomb intended for someone else.
In 1915, George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, the financial backer of the search for and the excavation of Tutankhamun’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings, employed English archaeologist Howard Carter to explore it. After a systematic search, Carter discovered the actual tomb of Tutankhamun in November 1922
King Tutankhamun’s mummy still rests in his tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
His tomb was robbed at least twice in antiquity, but based on the items taken (including perishable oils and perfumes) and the evidence of restoration of the tomb after the intrusions, it seems clear that these robberies took place within several months at most of the initial burial.
When at the end of the 20th Dynasty the Valley of the Kings burial sites were systematically dismantled, Tutankhamun’s tomb was overlooked, presumably because knowledge of it had been lost, and his name may have been forgotten.
5,398 items were found in the tomb, including a solid gold coffin, face mask, thrones, archery bows, trumpets, a lotus chalice, food, wine, sandals, and fresh linen underwear.
Howard Carter took 10 years to catalog the items.
If Tutankhamun is the world’s best known pharaoh, it is largely because his tomb is among the best preserved, and his image and associated artifacts the most-exhibited.
The discoveries in the tomb were prominent news in the 1920s. Tutankhamen came to be called by a modern neologism, “King Tut”.
Relics from Tutankhamun’s tomb are among the most traveled artifacts in the world.